Staghorn Sumac berries could help make a delightful, healthful drink! They are both in the cashew family, but poison sumac is more closely related to poison ivy (Toxicodendron radicans) than staghorn sumac. Its flavor is a delicious cross between lemonade and cranberry juice. reviews (0) 0%. Eventually the leaves will drop and the berry clusters will be left standing alone to face winter as an easily recognizable winter silhouette. Sharing a genus with poison sumac (Rhus vernix) has unnecessarily blackballed staghorn sumac (R. typhina) from inclusion in many landscape plans. They are unique looking shrubs, grow without maintenance,… It turns out that poison sumac is extremely hard to find in most areas: I met a trained botanist with decades in New England who had never seen it! In glimpses in between work, I’ve witnessed Blue Jays, Red-winged Blackbirds, American Robins, Catbirds, European Starlings, Northern Flickers, and Downy Woodpeckers eating from the red berry clusters. Using: When the Staghorn and Smooth Sumac berry clusters are ripe, pick two or three clusters off the plant, take home and remove the outer, healthy looking berries into a bowl, pour warm, but not boiling water over them. Staghorn sumac is an excellent herb for the treatment of inflammatory conditions of the urinary tract, whether or not they are due to infection. Harvesting Staghorn Sumac Harvesting Staghorn Sumac But isn't sumac poisonous? See more ideas about Specimen trees, Sumac, Plants. My husband and I found a nice patch of smooth sumac and helped ourselves to some of their berries. Sumac helps to reduce prostate inflammation as well. I had a few stalks of staghorn sumac berries in my store of dried dyestuffs, but I needed more. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – June to August. Edible sumac berries are a dense, upright, red cluster. STAGHORN SUMAC JELLY . Note: Staghorn sumac and poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) are two different plants. Name – Rhus typhina Family – Anacardiaceae Type – shrub. About this Species: I am lucky enough to have found smooth, fragrant, winged and staghorn sumac all in my area! I brought a great big bucket and clippers. Staghorn Sumac, like many of our favorite edibles, is technically classified as a weed! It’s casually called “Sumac-Ade.” It packs some good nutrients including Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) and Malic acid. Poison sumac berries are loose and they dangle down from the branch. If you’re lucky enough to find fresh sumac in your area (staghorn or smooth sumac are the most common types in North America), use it to make sumac-ade. The two can be easily distinguished: Poison sumac has large white berries, and Staghorn Sumac has much smaller red hairy berries. Hope that helps. It didn’t take long to fill my bucket. It is primarily found in southeastern Canada, the northeastern and midwestern United States, and the Appalachian Mountains, but it is widely cultivated as an ornamental throughout the temperate world. Notice below that the poison sumac has white flowers in the spring, unlike staghorn sumac that has green. At one time poison ivy and poison sumac were considered part of the Rhus genus, and some older references still contain this old nomenclature. There are also similar varieties elsewhere but I am not familiar with them. Sumac is used to make a drink called Indian Lemonade, referring to indigenous or Native Americans. Sumac Lemonade brewed from foraged sumac berries and cool water tastes like lemonade without any lemons! They also smoked the leaves and used the stems to make a yellow dye. The Staghorn Sumac Fruit Despite these berries having a fuzzy look and feel, the Sumac fruit cluster is technically edible. Sumac is one of the easier wild foods to identify though. Height – 16 feet (5 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. The red berries — red by virtue of the same reddish hairs that cover the tree’s branches — are a great source of malic acid, the substance that gives them a tart, lemony flavor. Sumacs are a transitional species in most forests. So, check the berries first, then the stems and leaves. The large, bright red cones of the edible sumac at the tips of the branches look nothing like the small clusters of white berries of the poisonous plant. They are pioneer plants and quickly spread by rhizomes to colonize erosion prone areas. Medicinally, it is considered excellent for fluid loss from many different areas of the body. Go to reviews. Staghorn Sumac and smooth sumac are hiding in plain sight! Don't worry too much about poison sumac, for while it shares a name, it has white berries, not red ones. It has red clusters of berries rising above the foliage. 0/4. I would like to know if Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina) is available in either a male or female plant form? Staghorn sumac, also called vinegar sumac, is a short tree that grows in a roundish shape. ZBAS*: Zach’s Bee Attraction Score, this is not supposed to be scientific but just based on my many years of observation and bee-shooting with my cameras. That's what we want!! Poison sumac has smooth leaves. They are found around field edges, in pastures, waste areas like abandoned home sites, roadsides, and are occasionally cultivated. Lightly floral, tart and refreshing it’s delicious as-is or used as a mixer in cocktails and mocktails. Aside from its use as a spice, Sumac makes for an excellent and quite refreshing drink that rivals lemonade. The fruit ripens and becomes a maroon color from late summer to early fall. Is It Poison or Therapeutic? Staghorn Sumac is on lists of native, bird-friendly plants mainly because of the clusters of red, fuzzy berries that form in the summer and remain through the winter. Smooth Sumac and Staghorn Sumac are common "roadside" plants in North America. This saying also works for the famed poison ivy. They are not red. I have heard of people purchasing a Staghorn Sumac, and being disappointed in finding no fruit formation after several years of growth. Staghorn sumac has dentated leaves; in other words it has rough edges. What I tried is called staghorn sumac, which is native to NA, but has been taken to some other parts of the world. It will reduce inflammation, promote tissue healing, and help reduce infection due to many kinds of bacteria as well as Candida albicans. A bee in flight among the staghorn sumac flowers. List of key staghorn tree facts. Oct 2, 2016 - Unusual to see as a specimen tree. It is impossible to mistake the edible sumac, such as the staghorn, with the poisonous one. The second thing we need to consider is that most of the flavour is on the outside of the “berries”, and can be washed off by rain. Poison sumac is not edible, and like any foraged plant or ‘shroom, you should be 110% sure of what you’ve found before eating it. Submitted by Paperwings86 Updated: September 28, 2015. Staghorn sumac, winged sumac, and smooth sumac are the most common sumac species in Georgia. It’s made from crushed sumac berries steeped in cold water. Poison sumac has white berries that droop down, smooth-edged leaves, and smooth bark. 0: bees will never visit. I can only speak to my local species of sumac (Staghorn sumac), which appears as a mix of red & green just before they are ready, with most of the berries going bright red when they are ready to harvest. make it again. Welcome To Unique Primtiques Custom Woodworking Our woodworking business is located on our Unique Creek Homestead, a Certified National Wildlife Sanctuary & Certified Indiana Wildlife Sanctuary located in southern Indiana, where we grow our own organic foods, gourmet mushrooms, exotic gourmet In August, when Scott and I drove to pick-up our first hop order in western Maryland, I noticed that Staghorn Sumac was in full bloom along I-270 . Submitted by jonsachs on July 27, 2020 - 3:54pm. If they are really staghorn sumac, the berries will have a pleasant lemony flavour. Sumac is also used by wildlife and livestock as a shelter. Rub the berries around with your hands, then let soak for about half an hour. 10: bees are crazy for it. Staghorn Sumac. I love the brilliant red-orange leaves which start to turn from green into color just at the time the berries ripen. Staghorn Sumac Tree Facts. Fortunately, poison sumac is also a fairly rare plant, and it only grows in very marshy or watery soils. Staghorn Sumac. Be the first to rate and review this recipe . This distinguishes poison sumac from our Herb of the Week friend staghorn sumac, which has red, upright berries, saw-toothed leaves, and fuzzy bark. The Staghorn Sumac, growing up to 30ft. They have flowers, but no fruit...am I correct in assuming that this is the male plant? While white sumac berries that tend to hang down are poisonous; red sumac berries that tend to bend upward are a nutritional powerhouse. There are 250 geniuses of Sumac which can grow anywhere from four to 35 feet in size. But it is only really enjoyable when prepared properly. This shrub prefers to be left out in an area where intense sunlight shines for most of the day, and grows best in a well-drained soil. tall, is a perennial deciduous shrub often associated with its poisonous relative Poison Sumac. Rhus typhina, the staghorn sumac, is a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae, native to eastern North America. She confirmed that it was Staghorn Sumac (as opposed to poison Sumac, which has white berries) and she told me her recipe for making Sumac lemonade. Staghorn Sumac, Rhus typhina Sumac berries are sour, cooling and astringent and are used both medicinally, and as a condiment in Middle Eastern cooking. If you remember one simple saying, "Berries white, flee in fright" you will be good. Historically, Native Americans used the fruit to make a lemon-flavored drink. If it's good and lemony you'll know it! Foraged Staghorn Sumac Beer My homebrewing frequency has taken a nosedive recently ( surprise ), but I still try to find time to brew a weird batch when I can. You will want to collect the clusters during a dry period, as … So the next day, I went back to the tree prepared to cut fruit. 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