[35] In winter, precipitation often takes the form of snow at the higher elevations of the central highlands, including Jerusalem. In Eilat, a desert city, summer daytime-temperatures are often the highest in the state, at times reaching 44 to 46 °C (111.2 to 114.8 °F). Due to the developments in the agricul… The bed of the lake forms part of the Jordan Rift Valley. Trips Israel LLC. Israel therefore has to deal with three different climate types. In a previous geological epoch the lake was part of a large inland sea which extended from the Hula marshes in northern Israel to 64 kilometers (40 mi) south of the Dead Sea. Middle East Climate - Israel Science and Technology Directory These include copper, phosphates, bromide, potash, clay, sand, sulfur, asphalt, and manganese. Climate information for Israel including average temperature, rain and snowfall totals Lake Tiberias is 165 square kilometers (64 sq mi) in size and, depending on the season and rainfall, is at about 213 meters (699 ft) below sea level. [3] It has an Exclusive Economic Zone of 26,352 km2 (10,175 sq mi). Whilst measures have been taken to irrigate and grow in the desert, the amount of water needed here poses issues. As observed on the physical map of Israel above, despite its small size, the country has a highly varied topography. [38] Originally these were collective and cooperative settlements respectively. The climate maps show some countries have what could be called a ‘climate twin’; China’s climate matches up with multiple areas of the United States (with guest appearances from Namibia and South Paraquay) while Canada features heavily on Russia’s climate map, though it's worth noting that some extreme sub-zero temperatures are taken out of classification. [37], Israel has a large number of environmental concerns ranging from natural hazards to man-made issues both resulting from ancient times to modern development. [29] Given the fragile political situation of the Middle East region and the presence there of major holy sites, a quake reaching magnitude 7 on the Richter scale could have dire consequences for world peace. It can be divided into four distinct physiographic regions. Along the west coast (see Tel Aviv, Haifa, Netanya), the climate is Mediterranean, with very mild, rainy winters and hot, sunny summers, during which the air is humid but tempered the breeze. Figure shown calculated from other figures sourced on page", "West Bank population. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details may not fully reflect the modified file. Israel Highlights Tour - All Year Low Season Rate deal for tours to Israel. Precipitation in Israel averaged 22.26 mm from 1901 until 2015, reaching an all time high of 182.64 mm in January of 1974 and a record low of 0 mm in May of 2000. [19], East of the central highlands lies the Jordan Rift Valley, which is a small part of the 6,500 kilometers (4,039 mi)-long Syrian-East African Rift. [45][47], Israel's population is diverse demographically; 76% Jewish, 20% Arab, and 4% unaffiliated. Israel is divided in three different climate Zones. [21], Inland (east) of the coastal plain lies the central highland region. Try Our Interactive Time Zone Map [35] Summers are very humid along the Mediterranean coast but dry in the central highlands, the Rift Valley, and the Negev Desert. Israel is divided into four physiographic regions: the Mediterranean coastal plain, the Central Hills, the Jordan Rift Valley and the Negev Desert. [35] The climate is as such due to Israel's location between the subtropical aridity of the Sahara and the Arabian deserts, and the subtropical humidity of the Levant and Eastern Mediterranean. Israel stretches 424 km (263 mi) from north to south, and its width ranges from 114 km (71 mi) to, at its narrowest point, 15 km (9.3 mi). $1,299. This tectonic disposition leads to a relatively high seismic activity in the region. Southern Israel is dominated by the Negev desert, covering some 16,000 square kilometres (6,178 sq mi), more than half of the country's total land area. Israel is divided in three different climate Zones. [38] Over time, the degree of cooperation in these settlements has decreased and in several of them the cooperative structure has been dismantled altogether. book now. This area is Israel's most densely populated. On the eve of World War I it was described by Encyclopædia Britannica as a "nebulous geographical concept. The Sea of Galilee is located beyond this region and is bordered to the east by the Golan Heights, a plateau bordered to the north by the Israeli-occupied part of the Mount Hermon massif, which includes the highest point under Israel's control, a peak of 2,224 meters (7,297 ft). Description: This map shows cities, towns, roads and airports in Israel. [23] This can result in rare flash floods during heavy rains as water runs across the surface of the impervious desert soil. 15 to 22 o c / > 11 to 18 hpa. [19] The Dead Sea is 1,020 square kilometers (394 sq mi) in size and, at 420 meters (1,378 ft) below sea level, is the lowest surface point on the earth. Total annual precipitation ranges from 20-50 inches (50-125 cm.) [35] The Population Matters 2011 overshoot index[53] ranked Israel as the third most dependent region in the World after Singapore and Kuwait. Les précipitations (où elles se produisent) sont concentrées de novembre à … Commons is a freely licensed media file repository. Israel - Israel - Climate: Israel has a wide variety of climatic conditions, caused mainly by the country’s diverse topography. Les températures varient davantage dans le sud (20° en janvier, 40° en juillet) que dans le centre et le nord (10 à 18° en janvier, 30° en juillet). Jerusalem sits on the top of this ridge, east of which lies the Dead Sea graben which is a pull-apart basin on the Dead Sea Transform fault. It is a fertile region, and off the coast there are many small islands. [35] Rainfall varies from season to season and from year to year, particularly in the Negev Desert. The idea of a channel connecting the Mediterranean and Dead Seas or the Red and Dead Seas has been discussed. [25], The far northern coastline of the country has some chalk landscapes best seen at Rosh HaNikra, a chalk cliff into which a series of grottoes have been eroded.[26]. Israel generally has two seasons — summer (Apr-Sep) and winter (Oct-Mar). Almost all the rest are Palestinian Arabs, of whom most (roughly three-fourths) are Muslim; the remaining Arabs are Christians and Druze, who each make up only a small fraction of the total population. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license. Israel is located, between 29°-33° north of the equator, which is characterized as a subtropical region, between the temperate zone and the tropical zone. [1], Prior to the establishment of the British Mandate for Palestine, there was no clear-cut definition of the geographical and territorial limits of the area known as "Palestine." We have provided 2 differing Climate zone maps of the US with varying levels of detail. The southernmost settlement in Israel is the city of Eilat whilst the northernmost is the town of Metula. ClimateZone Maps of United States: Hardiness Zone Map. 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