He expresses his attitude towards sound changes, when talking about the gradual merge of [n-] and [l-] initials in Cantonese Chinese: Regarding sound changes, we can study them objectively. Finally, Cantonese, unlike English, is a tonal language. (2001) point out that the phrase "lazy sounds" (懶音 laan5 jam1), most commonly discussed in relation to phonetic changes in Hong Kong Cantonese, implies that the speaker is "unwilling to put forth sufficient effort to articulate the standard pronunciation".[2]. Singapore: Kelly & Walsh, 1907. You bet!) Ever since the arguments made around the correct way of pronouncing Chinese characters in Cantonese, different media companies in China have used their own interpretation of the correct pronunciations when broadcasting. This page shows, from top to bottom: a large version of the word in a traditional script font which you may need to install: the Cantonese pronunciation of the word in jyutping. Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1972. 17670 NW 78th Ave, Suite 207, Palm Spring North, FL 33015 exxonmobil marine gas oil When the changes are fixed, there is no need to restore them. After conducting original research on the pronunciation of words containing these syllable-final phonetic changes, To et al. To, Carol K.S., Sharynne Mcleod and Pamela S.P. TV and radio programs, including game shows, have been made to promote "proper pronunciation". A final feature of "proper", older Cantonese is keeping gw and kw in words like gwok (country), whereas today gok is more commonly heard. Alveolarization tends to occur when there is a preceding mid-front or central vowel, and velarization tends to occur when the attested preceding mid-back vowel [ɔ] is present. First appeared in speech in the early 1940s when it was found that there was a new (non-standard) pronunciation for original syllable-initial [n-]. Recently I thought it would be fun to learn a little bit of Cantonese. the meaning of the word, typed in by our volunteer editors, guidelines on whether the word can only be used in Spoken Cantonese etc (if nothing is present the word may be used in both Cantonese and Mandarin), our arbitrarily assigned difficulty level, a smaller version of the character in a computerised, printed font, a list of each of the characters for the word, showing jyutping and meaning (if our dictionary contains that character). Yue dialects in other parts of Guangdong and Guangxi provinces, such as Taishanese, may be considered … “We noticed that in very common words, denasalization was taking place,” says Chow of the idea that … In Hong Kong Cantonese at present, alveolarization is a more popular phenomenon than velarization, and the syllable-final alveolar consonants [-n] and [-t] tend to be preserved even when the preceding vowels prompt a tongue position that is further back. "Perception and Production of Cantonese consonant endings". Contrarily, in the Sichuan dialect, [l-] is sometimes replaced by [n-], and in southern or Taiwan Mandarin, we find [-ŋ] replacing [-n], which mean dropping the ‘easier’ pronunciation. Virtually all Hong Kong Cantonese speakers know of 懶音 (“lazy pronunciation”), which refers to the colloquial pronunciation of Cantonese that differs from prescribed dictionary pronunciation. Cheung in the 1970s. This word has been viewed 1497 times since 30th Oct 2012, was added by tuan on 12th Sep 2004 03:06 and last, Remove Adverts and gain lots of extra features, traditional script font which you may need to install. This term is used in both Cantonese and Mandarin/Standard written Chinese. Zee, E. (1999). After all, Cantonese pronunciation has been changing ever since it diverged from its origins in Middle Chinese around 1000 AD. r/Cantonese: 你好! Hong Kong: Chinese This phenomenon of the disappearing process of labialization in a syllable-initial environment and preceding the vowel [ɔ] was first mentioned and studied by H.N. Learn how and when to remove this template message, “Phonetic variations and sound changes in Hong Kong Cantonese”, The Association for the Promotion of Proper Cantonese Pronunciation, A Chinese Syllabary Pronounced According to the Dialect of Canton, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Proper_Cantonese_pronunciation&oldid=971719249, Articles needing translation from Chinese Wikipedia, Articles lacking in-text citations from December 2008, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles needing additional references from November 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Articles with Chinese-language sources (zh), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. One of his concerns is that Cantonese Chinese comprises six historical strata, not just the one represented by the Guangyun. All the words in all the languages pronounced by native speakers Hong Kong Cantonese is notorious for its distortions of what some intellectuals and linguists consider the ‘proper’ way to pronounce certain words (notorious enough to spark a 正音正读 – roughly equivalent to ‘Pronounce Words Correctly’ – movement in Hong Kong). This became overused and preferred for words which originally had either syllable-initial [ŋ-] or syllable-initial ∅- until at least the early 1970s. : the Mandarin pronunciation … Cheung. It's not so much a "lazy" pronunciation as an actual sound merge. The language will be viewed in its areal and historical context. These "lazy" pronunciation variants, or sound changes include: The nine attested phonetic sound changes in Hong Kong Cantonese, or "lazy sounds" in the format of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) can be tracked in the following table:[3]. do this. CCY: 撉〔蹾〕 dan 3 {dÅ«n} to put something down suddenly, hitting the ground with a lot of force. To, Mcleod and Cheung delve deeper into these sound changes in contemporary Hong Kong Cantonese, and focus in particular on the four syllable-final consonants: [-ŋ], [-n], [-k], and [-t]. (Cantonese) 1. to throw or toss 2. to beat with a fist. Cheung discovered that [ŋ-] can be added in syllable-initial positions preceding syllable-initial vowels [a, ɐ, ɔ, o] in standard Cantonese. We still can, and should, correct the error. Also, CantoDict uses a unique "asterisk (*)" convention, to show readings such as jyu 4*2.For more information please see CantoDict Tone Conventions. Zee, E. Change and variation in the syllable-initial and syllable-final consonants in Hong Kong Cantonese. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. He allows exceptions in some cases of colloquial speech, but not in any cases in reading ancient literature (ibid. "Lazy" pronunciations theoretically can be more prevalent in Hong Kong than in Guangzhou, because Cantonese seems to be used much more frequently in Hong Kong, and that frequent use induces change. When a lazy donkey is turning a grindstone, it takes a lot of time off for peeing and pooing Bauer, R. S. Alveolarization in Cantonese: A case of lexical diffusion. Change and variation in the syllable-initial and syllable-final consonants in Hong Kong Cantonese. “Nei” is the original pronunciation but increasingly, Cantonese speakers are using “Lei” currently due to changes in the pronunciation of certain syllables, otherwise commonly known as the lazy tone phenomenon. The Lazy Accent In Cantonese Another thing that confused me a lot when I first started learning, was the fact that Cantonese words with “n” sounds, can also be pronounced with an “l” sound. Fung and Robert S. Bauer. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. First appeared in R.S. Wang, L. Hanyu yuyin shi [The History of Chinese Phonology]. The "proper" readings promoted by Richard Ho are based on the fanqie spelling of Guangyun, an ancient rime dictionary reflecting the sounds of Middle Chinese. Note: Young native speakers nowadays tend to use "lei5 (懶音 lazy sound)" for "ä½ nei5 (you)". LING2058 Topics in Cantonese Linguistics Prof. Stephen Matthews Advanced Course. To et al. Introduction In our first Cantonese grammar lesson, we’re going to cover one of the simplest, but most essential things in Cantonese - pronouns. Cantonese is a language within the Chinese language family originating from the city of Guangzhou (also known as Canton) and its surrounding area in Southeastern China.It is the traditional prestige variety of the Yue Chinese dialect group, which has over 80 million native speakers. With 22 consonants, 8 vowels and 2 syllabic consonants and 6 tones in the language, learning Cantonese pronunciation is the first challenge faced by language learners. This means that the pitch movement of sounds will impact on the word meaning. Both versions can be used and honestly, our view is that the correct pronunciation is the one that everyone … ‘Lazy’ pronunciation (懒音 lan yin). The vowels [ʊ] and [ɪ] share the same percentage of alveolarization, resulting in a 0.0% chance of sound change, while the highest ranking vowel, [œ], resulted in a 37.5% chance of sound change.[14]. I've been using the FSI courses provided on this website(BTW, I think it is amazing that a single website has so much actual structured language-learning content - props to the site owners! Journal of Chinese Linguistics, 27(1), 120-167. The promotion of "proper" Cantonese Chinese pronunciation is partly a reaction to so-called "lazy sounds" adopted by the younger generations. Vote for this video or add it on your profile so you can easily access it later. Cantonese speakers utilise 6 tonal patterns to convey meaning, where English speakers are not required to show … The promotion of "proper" Cantonese Chinese pronunciation is partly a reaction to so-called "lazy sounds" adopted by the younger generations. [1] Law et al. pronunciation translation in English-Cantonese dictionary. Many things have been mentioned in the introduction, now you get introduced to those topics related to pronounciation in a little bit … I would learn words like 呢 (ni) meaning “this”, or ä½  (nei5) meaning “you”, and then when it came to speaking with natives not … Some are seen as too informal while others are seen as having other flaws. Some news reporters and masters of ceremonies in Hong Kong have adopted the "proper" pronunciations. Merging the syllabic nasal /ng/ to /m/. Showing page 1. On this website, we always show the "younger" pronunciation first. Changes in pronunciation in Hong Kong's Cantonese pronunciation have affected the Cantonese spoken in other regions, including Guangdong (Chinese: 廣東) and Guangxi (Chinese: 廣西) Provinces. Back to Learn Cantonese For instance, talking about the "wrong" pronunciation of final consonants of the youth, he says: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, In general, today's youth pronounce the final consonants in the wrong way because they have since childhood imitated unconsciously the wrong pronunciations of the broadcasters and artists, and those of their seniors and friends. These "lazy" pronunciation variants, or sound changes include: Grammatical topics will include parts of speech in Cantonese… The largest pronunciation dictionary in the world. Ho states that, Cantonese Chinese phonology being the descendant of the Guangyun system, there are highly regular correspondences between the sounds of Middle Chinese and those of modern Cantonese Chinese. The reason a pronoun is called “pronoun” is because pronouns are used as substitutes for nouns, i.e. Just reverse the words: 你爱我nei5 ngoi3 ngo5 (Isn't Cantonese simpler than English? (Cantonese, Hakka) "the lazy have a lot of poop and piss" (used to refer to a lazy person or someone who makes a lot of excuses) 2008, 李雪熒、彭文, 態度決定孩子‎[1], Sing Tao Publishing, →ISBN, page 10: 「你真麻煩!懶人多屎尿!」 [Cantonese, trad.] We then show the "older" pronunciation using a book symbol . (e.g. Cheung (2015), This page was last edited on 7 August 2020, at 20:16. ), but people have told me the pronunciation seems a bit dated: … L- ] have already merged, there is no need to restore them pronouns are used as for! Can easily access it later a `` lazy sounds '' had either syllable-initial [ ŋ- or..., unlike English, is a tonal language in reading ancient literature ( ibid syllable-final phonetic,. 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